All posts tagged: Pharaoh of the Exodus

Egyptian researchers digitally unwrap the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I, the pharaoh of the Exodus?

Over Christmas, Egyptian researchers digitally unwrapped the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I, who ruled Egypt between 1526 and 1506 BC. He was the second ruler of what is referred to as the 18th Egyptian dynasty, started by his father Ahmose. Amenhotep is the only royal mummy from the 19th and 20th century discoveries not to be unwrapped. Egyptian researchers had refrained from physically doing this because the mummy was intricately decorated with floral arrangements and a mask embedded with precious stones. So they chose a digital approach, using an X-Ray machine that provided 360-degree scans as they digitally removed each layer. Through the unwrapping process, the Cairo-based researchers discovered that Amenhotep I had been unwrapped and reburied at least once before, probably by later Egyptian priests who often repaired the damage done to previous royal mummies by grave robbers. They discovered that Amenhotep I was around 35 years of age when he died and there were no outward indicators of what he died from such as disease or physical wounds. He was also the last …

Thutmose IV, another possibility for the pharaoh of the Exodus?

There has been a bit of discussion recently on whom the pharaoh of the Exodus actually was. One thing we know for sure is that despite the blockbuster movies that portray Ramses (1279-1213 BC) as the pharaoh, it was not him. And in a recent presentation at the International Symposium on Archaeology and the Bible in Albuquerque, New Mexico in Sept 2021, Dr Steve Collins, a professor of archaeology at Trinity Southwest University, made his case that Thutmose IV (1401-1391 BC) was the actual pharaoh of the Exodus. Many are now convinced that Israel’s Exodus out of Egypt took place about 200 to 300 years before Ramses, sometime after Egypt drove the Hyksos, a Semitic group, out of Northern Egypt. Around 1800 BC, the Hyksos took over the Nile Delta, driving the Egyptian government into southern Egypt. The Hyksos were Semitic people and because of that they had a similar language and customs to the Israelis, this explains why Joseph so easily rose to power and why they welcomed Joseph’s family to settle in some …